Due to their properties, ceramic tiles are extremely easy to use and need very low maintenance as they are so easy to clean.
When selecting tiles, it is important to take note of the use recommended by the manufacturer, who will classify the material according to its physical and chemical properties. The classification is valid as long as the tiles are used under normal conditions which include: avoiding scratching tiles or blows to the pieces and not exposing the pieces to products which will deteriorate their surface (strong acids such as hydrochloric acid). It is advisable to protect floors from abrasive materials by placing mats or other shoe-cleaning facilities at the entrances to a building.
In general, maintenance consists in a periodical cleaning of the tiles with either water or a mild detergent diluted in water. This should be enough to return the tiles to their original conditions.
Occasionally, some colouring products can cause stains or incrustations which cannot be removed with normal cleaning. In these cases, specific cleaning agents and procedures should be used according to the type of tile and the nature of the stain. Damage to tiles is usually caused by overaggressive cleaning products or products which are not suited to the type of tile: As a general rule, before using a cleaning product over the whole surface, carry out a test on a small, hidden area.
When tiling is completed, any traces of cement can be successfully removed with a diluted acid solution (for example vinegar). However, an acid wash of any type should not be carried out on newly laid tiles as the acid will react with the cement. Remember to always test a small patch of floor with the cleaning product before proceeding to larger, more visible areas.